Vai al contenuto principale





Academic year 2018/2019

Course ID
Teaching staff
Dott. David Lembo (Lecturer)
Dott. Manuela Donalisio (Lecturer)
2nd year
Course disciplinary sector (SSD)
MED/07 - microbiologia e microbiologia clinica
Formal authority
Type of examination
Written and oral

Sommario del corso


Course objectives

This course covers principles of medical microbiology with emphasis to microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi and protozoa) and human infectious disease. Topics include an overview of microbial structures and virulence factors, the host-parasite interactions, the pathogenic mechanisms of the most important infectious diseases, the principal concepts regarding sterilization, microbiological diagnosis, antibiotic and antiviral therapy, the conditions promoting the rise up of infections and the prevention options.


Results of learning outcomes

By the end of this  course, the student will have acquired basic knowledge of pathogenesis of microbial and virus infections to be able to implement a rational approach to the diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases. The student shall learn the basic knowledge in the following topics:

1.  General features of bacteriology, virology, mycology and parasitology  

2.  Pathogenicity, virulence, and epidemiology

3.  Disease transmission and physical and chemical microbial control

4.  Microbiological diagnostic techniques

5.  Antimicrobial therapy

6. Common bacterial, fungal, protozoa and viral diseases


Course delivery

Teaching is organized in both lectures and active learning parts, including microscopic observation of pathogens and main microbial laboratory techniques in teaching room with devices.  This active learning promotes the acquisition of knowledge.


Learning assessment methods

The exam will consist of a written and oral examination. The written test includes multiple-choice questions. The positive result of this test allows access to the oral exam.


Support activities

Students with disorders that may affect learning (e.g. color blind students, visually impaired, hearing impaired, dyslexic or with physical disabilities) are encouraged to contact the lecturers to adapt learning materials, activities and testing methods.



  • Introduction to Medical Microbiology:
  1. History of microbiology
  2. Koch's postulates
  3. Classification of microbes
  • General Bacteriology:
  1. Structure
  2. Endospore
  3. Human microbiome and concept of opportunism
  4. Virulence factors
  5. Microbial growth
  6. Bacterial genetics
  7. Laboratory diagnosis of bacterial diseases
  8. Methods of Sterilization
  9. Antibiotics
  • Systematic Bacteriology:
  1. Staphylococcus
  2. Streptococcus
  3. Bacillus
  4. Listeria
  5. Mycobacterium
  6. Neisseria
  7. Haemophilus
  8. Legionella
  9. Enterobacteriaceae
  10. Yersinia
  11. Vibrio
  12. Pseudomonas
  13. Campylobacter and Helicobacter
  14. Clostridium
  15. Spirochetes (Treponema, Borrelia, Leptospira)
  16. Brucella
  17. Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma
  18. Rickettsia, Ehrlichia
  19. Clamydia
  20. Bordetella
  • Mycology:
  1. Structure, replication, pathogenesis, laboratory diagnosis of fungal disease and antifungal agents
  2. Superficial, cutaneous, subcutaneous and systemic mycoses
  3. Opportunistic mycoses (Candida, Criptococcus, Aspergillus and Pneumocystis)
  • Parasitology:
  1. Parasitic classification, structure, replication, pathogenesis of parasitic diseases, laboratory diagnosis and antiparasitic agents
  2. Intestinal protozoa (Giardia, Cryptosporidium, Entamoeba)
  3. Urogenital protozoa (Trichomonas)
  4. Blood and tissue protozoa (Plasmodium, Toxoplasma, Leishmania, Trypanosoma)
  5. Main concepts on infections by common nematodes, trematodes and cestodes
  • General virology:
  1. Structure
  2. Classification
  3. Replication mechanisms
  4. Laboratory diagnosis of viral diseases
  5. Antiviral chemotherapy
  • Systematic virology:
  1. Herpesviruses
  2. Papillomaviruses and Polyomaviruses
  3. Adenoviruses
  4. Poxviruses
  5. Parvoviruses
  6. Paramyxoviruses
  7. Rhabdoviruses
  8. Arenaviruses and Bunyaviruses
  9. Orthomyxoviruses
  10. Retroviruses
  11. Reoviruses
  12. Caliciviruses
  13. Togaviruses
  14. Picornaviruses
  15. Hepatitis Viruses
  16. Flaviviruses
  17. Coronaviruses
  18. Filoviruses

Suggested readings and bibliography


Textbooks suggested:

  • Medical Microbiology  8th Edition  Authors: Patrick Murray, Ken Rosenthal, Michael Pfaller, Elsevier
  • Sherris, Medical Microbiology (sixth edition), Mc Graw Hill Education

Last update: 25/07/2018 14:03
Non cliccare qui!